Basic Facts of Pakistan

Official Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the State Mamnoon Hussain, President
Head of Government Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister
Capital Islamabad (See
Area Total:881,888 Sq. km.
Punjab: 205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh: 140,914 Sq. km.
Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: 74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital) 906 Sq. km.
Gilgit-Baltistan 72,496 Sq. km
Azad Jammu & Kashmir 13,297 Sq. km
Population 177 million (estimated 2011)
132 million (1998 census)
Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Jammu & Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Districts
Religion 95% Muslims, 5% others.
Annual per capita income US $1085 (For More Details)
GDP 5.8%
Currency Pak. Rupee.
Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
Urdu (National) and English (Official)
Literacy rate 53%
Government Parliamentary form
Parliament Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).
The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.
The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).
Pakistan National Flag
Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities. (For more details click here)
National Anthem Approved in August, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds (For more details click here)
State Emblem The State Emblem consists of:
1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline (For more details click here)
Pakistan’s Official Map
Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)
National Flower
National Tree
Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National Animal
National Bird
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
Popular games
Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
Tourist’s resorts
Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological sites
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Major Cities
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
Major Crops
Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
Agricultural Growth Rate
4.1 % on the average for the last six years–1.5% in 2007-08
Total cropped area
25.01 million hectares
Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
Major sources Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity 22763 MW (See
Hospitals 916
Dispensaries 4,600
Basic Health Units (BHUs) 5,301
Maternity & Child Health Centres 906
Rural Health Centres (RHCs) 552
Tuberculosis (TB) Centres 289
Hospital Beds 99,908
Doctors (registered) 113,206
Dentists (registered) 6,127
Nurses (registered 48,446
Paramedics 23,559
Lady Health Workers 6,741
Primary Schools
Middle Schools
High Schools
Secondary Vocational Institutions
Arts & Science Colleges
Professional Colleges
Transport & Communication
Total length of roads
259, 758 km
Pakistan Railway network
7,791 km
Railway stations
781 (See.
Pakistan International Airlines Covers 38 international and 24 domestic stations with a fleet of 49 planes. (See.
Major Airports Eight (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar) (See.
International Three (Karachi, Bin Qasim and Gwadar
Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports Three (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)
Post Offices 12,170 (See.
Telephone connections 5,052,000 (See.
Public Call Offices 217,597
Telegraph offices 299
Internet Connections 2 million
Mobile Phones 10,542,641
Total Labour force 46.84 million
Employed Labour Force 43.22 million
Agriculture Sector 18.60 million
Manufacturing & Mining sector 5.96 million
Construction 2.52 million
Trade 6.39 million
Transport 2.48 million
Others 6.98 million
Print Media (In accordance with Central Media List)
Dailies 540
Weeklies 444
Fortnightlies 55
Monthlies 268
News Agencies
Official APP (See.
Private PPI, NNI, On Line and Sana.
Electronic Media
Public Sector
Pakistan Television Corporation (See. TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 49 re-broadcasting stations. 6 channels: PTV Home, PTV News, PTV National (Regional programming in Balochi, Pashto, Punjabi, Sindhi), PTV Global (for U.S.A.), PTV Bolan (PTV Quetta) and AJK TV (Azad Jammu & Kashmir Television – Kashmiri channel for local viewers)
Private Sector
More than 50 channels {Pakistan Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has issued licences to more than 81 applicants so far}(See.

Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (Radio Pakistan)(See. has 31 radio stations throughout Pakistan besides eight FM stations at Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Faisalabad, Sialkot and Hyderabad. Besides its World Service in English and Urdu, Radio Pakistan beams its external services in seven languages to different parts of the world.
PEMRA has issued licences for the establishment of more than 100 FM Radio stations including universities for educational purposes. A number of radio stations are already operational in major cities of Pakistan.(See.
Cable Operators More than 900 (See.
Central Bank State Bank of Pakistan
Nationalized Scheduled Banks First Woman Bank Ltd.
National Bank of Pakistan
Specialized Banks Zari Taraqiati Bank (ZTBL)
Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan
Punjab Provincial Cooperative Bank Ltd
Private Scheduled Banks Askari Commercial Bank Limited
Bank Al-Falah Limited
Faysal Bank Limited
Bank Al-Habib Limited
Metropolitan Bank Limited
KASB Commercial Bank Limited
Prime Commercial Bank Limited
Soneri Bank Limited
Meezan Bank Limited
Silk Bank
Crescent Commercial Bank Limited
Dawood Bank Limited
NDLC-IFIC Bank Limited (NIB)
Allied Bank of Pakistan Limited
United Bank Limited
Habib Bank Limited
SME Banks
Foreign Banks ABN Amro Bank N.V
Albaraka Islamic Bank BSC (EC)
American Expresss Bank Limited
Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi Limited
Citibank N.A
Deutsche Bank A.G.
Habib Bank A.G. Zurich
Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corp Limited
Oman International Bank S.O.A.G
Royal Bank of Scotland
Standard Chartered Bank Limited
Development Financial Institutions Pakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corp. Limited
Pak Kuwait Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
Pak Libya Holding Company (Pvt) Limited
Pak-Oman Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
Saudi Pak Industrial and Agricutural Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
Investment Banks Crescent Investment Bank Limited
First International Investment Bank Limited
Atlas Investment Bank Limited
Security Investment Bank Limited
Fidelity Investment Bank Limited
Prudential Investment Bank Limited
Islamic Investment Bank Limited
Asset Investment Bank Limited
Al-Towfeek Investment Bank Limited
Jahangir Siddiqui Investment Bank Limited
Franklin Investment Bank Limited
Orix Investment Bank (Pak) Limited
Famous Mountain Peaks
World Rating
K-2 (Chagori)
8616 m
Nanga Parbat
8125 m
8068 m
Broad Peak
8065 m
8047 m
7952 m
7925 m
Disteghil Sar
7885 m
Kunyang Kish
7852 m
Masherbrum (NE)
7821 m
7788 m
Batura I
7785 m
Kanjut Sar
7760 m
Saltoro Kangri
7742 m
7720 m
Tirich Mir
7708 m
Famous Mountain Passes
Location Province
The Khyber Pass Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
The Kurram Pass FATA
The Tochi Pass FATA
The Gomal Pass Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
The Bolan Pass Balochistan
The Lowari Pass Chitral (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa)
The Khunjrab Pass Gilgit-Baltistan
Major Rivers
The Indus 2,896 km
Jhelum 825 km
Chenab 1,242 km
Ravi 901 km
Sutlej 1,551 km
Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km
Famous Glaciers
Siachin 75 km
Batura 55 km
Baltoro 65 km
Thar Sindh
Cholistan Punjab
Thal Punjab
Manchar Sindh
Keenjar Sindh
Hanna Balochistan
Saif-ul-Maluk Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
Satpara Northern Areas
Kachura Northern Areas
Major Dams
Mangla Dam Punjab
Tarbela Dam Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
Warsak Dam Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa