Baba Guru Nanak Jee (1469-1539 AD) was born in village known as Talwandi Rai Bhoe. It belonged to Bhatti, a Rajput chieftain who became a friend and admirer of Baba Nanak. Nanak Jee was a strict monotheist believing in the one and only God. He liked the Muslims, rejected the Hindu caste system and preached the equality and brotherhood of mankind.
Nankana Sahib located 39 Km southwest of Sheikhupura, is an important place of pilgrimage. There are two main Sikh temples or gurdwaras here, Ballila where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion spent his childhood and janamasthan, where he is believed to have been born. The latter houses sacred relics belonging to the Guru. Thrice a year, on Besakhi (April), Death anniversary of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (June) and Birthday of Guru Nanak Dev (November), Sikh Yatries visit these holy places in thousands.
In order to engage Guru Nanak Dev jee in worldly affairs, his father, who was a revenue accountant, gave his son twenty rupees to purchase profitable merchandise for setting up a shop. “Make good, profitable bargain”, the father advised. While passing near Churkana (Farooqabad), 20 Km northeast of Talwandi Rai Bhoi, a little short of their destination, Nanak and his brother came across a group of Sadhus, naked and hungry. Nanak Jee at once decided to feed them and despite his brother’s advice, purchased edibles with the whole amount and distributed the same amongst the mystics. When he returned home empty handed, Guru Nanak’s father rebuked him for squandering his precious cash, but he calmly answered,” You had wanted me to make Khara Sauda therefore I could not think of a better, a more genuine “Sauda’ than the one I have made.
GURDWARA RORI SAHIB & CHAKI SAHIB EIMENABAD
Eimenabad is located 56 Km away from Lahore. Here the Sikh yatries pay homage to the gurdwara Rori Sahib and Chaki Sahib. Guru Nanak Dev jee, during his stay at this place, had made his bed on a platform of Rori (pebbles). Later, this became a place of veneration and a gurdwara was built here.
Eimenabad is famous for its grinding mills, which worked on their own when Guru Nanak Dev jee was ordered to grind the Corn. It is at this very place where Guru jee showed the miracle of blood and milk.
GURDWARA PANJA SAHIB
The name k Dev jee while returning from Mecca had broken his journey for a few days at Hassanabdal, where he had asked one of his disciples to fetch water from the spring on the near-by hill top. The water was however refused to the disciple. There upon, on Guru Nanak Dev jee’s prayer, the spring abandoned its original course and started flowing from the spot where Guru jee himself was sitting. Guru jee also stopped a big rock rolling downwards towards him with his palm, which left an impression on the rock. It became an object of great reverence for his followers, who started calling it Panja Sahib.
The collection of the buildings to the west, facing the entrance of the Lahore Fort, is known as Enclave or Dera Sahib. Only the Sikh as yatries are allowed to enter the place. Right side of Dera Sahib is Attique Stadium and on its left side is Hazoori garden (Imperial Garden).
Dera Sahib has two very important monuments of Lahore, one is the tomb of Guru Arjun Dev jee, and other is the tomb of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
SAMADHI OF MAHARAJA RANJIT SINGH
Ranjit Singh is famous as “Shere-e-Punjab” in the history of the subcontinent. He ruled over Punjab from 1799 to 1839 AD. From a very young age he proved himself to be a man of extreme personal courage. He organized a strong and disciplined army with a strong and powerful artillery.
TOMB OF GURU ARJAN DEV
Guru Arjan, the fifth Guru, made Amritsar the rendezvous of the Sikhs and compiled the Adi Granth, the holy book containing the sacred scriptures of the Sikhs. Guru Arjan Dev Singh helped Khusro, the rebel son of Jahangir. His disciples affirm that the Guru, having obtained permission to bath, himself disappeared miraculously into the water of Ravi, which there after flowed to this place. His tomb with a fluted and gilded dome dates from the time of Mahraja Ranjit Singh.
GURDWARA DARBAR SAHIB, KARTARPUR
This is the historical place where Jagat Guru Nanak Jee departed from this world on 23rd Assu, Samvat 1596 (22nd Sept, 1529 AD). It is also called Dera Baba Nanak. Dera Sahib railway station, on Lahare -Narowal section, serves this place. The shrine is located by the River Ravi within a distance of 4 kms from the railway station. It has a spacious and beautiful building. The building was repaired by the Govt. of Pakistan in 1995.
Gurdwara Janam Asthan
This shrine is in Lahore represents the home of Baba Kalu and Mata Tripta, father and mother respectively of Guru Nanak Dev, (where the Guru was born). It was established by Baba Dharam Chand (1523-1618) son of Baba Lakhmi Das and Grandson of Guru Nanak Dev.
Gurdwara Bal Lilah
Gurdwara Bal Lilah is situated 400 yards away from the holy shrine of Janam Asthan. The holy pond Nanaksar with this Gurdwara was got built by Rai Bular, the ruler of Talwandi. As is apparent from the name, this site is related with the wonderful adventure of the early childhood of the Guru.
The Guru in his infancy, used to transport the enlightment of the Nama in the minds of his mates, while playing with them. The Gurdwara had formerly 120 acres of land and a little cash endowment also. Before the Saka of 1921, the arrangement of this Gurdwara was in the hands of the Nirmala Singhs. Besides Tirath Singh, the Mahant there were also 37 other patidaars. The Gurdwara came under the panthic management at the time of the Gurdwara Sudhar Movement. This Gurdwara remained in the panthic hands up to 1947, but after the partition, the Pakistan Waqf Board has been serving the Gurdwara. The sarovar adjacent to the Gurdwara is lying dried up and the Gurdwara is opened only at the time of visiting to it by the Sikhs. There is no arrangement of Parkasha of Guru Granth Sahib. It is only the building which is safe and sound.
Diwan Kaura Mal
Diwan Kaura Mal had this Gurdwara built in 1748. It was reconstructed by Maharaja Rangit Singh, who also enlarged and properly lined the sarovar Nanaksar. It present three-story domed building was raised during the 1930’s and 1940’s and was completed shortly before 1947.
SHAHID GANJ BHAI TARU SINGH
The Shahidi Asthan of Bhai Taru Singh Ji is situated in Naulakha Bazar. Bhai Sahib used to look after his widowed mother, and his sister by sheer honest earning and helped the needy Sikhs as well. The rulers of the time always disliked these compassionate deeds of his. Under the offence, Bhai Sahib Ji was imprisoned, he was offered temptation and then tortured but he did not budge and remained steadfast. The Qazi passed a decree to scalp him alive. At the place, Bhai Taru Singh’s scalp was removed with a hoe, but he kept repeating Waheguru. On 13th Asu, 1802 BK. (A.D. 1745) Bhai Taru left for his heavenly abode but as he had exclaimed, Zakaria Khan died earlier. The devotees got a Gurdwara built at this place. During the Sikh Raj, a big Jagir was granted to this Gurdwara. When the management of this shrine was taken over by the S.G.P.C., the rendering of service to this holy place went to Bhai Asher Singh, who later became Jathedar of Sri Akal Takhat. Due to distinguished qualities of Bhai Sahib, it earned great importance, but after partition, we had to abondon this holy shrine. The Gurdwara still exists but the management is with Pakistan Waqf Board.